Immigration Application Denied for Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol
USCIS (U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services) has announced changes to the USCIS Policy Manual on Health-Related Reasons and Inadmissibility. With these changes, a DUI arrest within the last five years entitles USCIS to ask for an evaluation to determine if you have an alcohol-based disorder, which is a condition that poses a threat to yourself or others. The result would be a denial of the application submitted. These standards have been part of the Foreign Relations Manual for a while (see 9 FAM 40.11 N11.2) and have been applied in cases of people entering the country but are now being applied for applications submitted to USCIS within the United States. Applicants for admission who have physical or mental disorders and the harmful behaviors associated with those disorders are inadmissible. INA 212(a)(2)(A)(iii). Alcohol is not listed in Section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act. Therefore, alcohol use disorders are treated as a physical or mental disorder for the purpose of determining inadmissibility. As a result, an applicant with an alcohol use disorder will not be considered inadmissible if there is no current associated harmful behavior or past harmful behavior associated with the likelihood of it being repeated. The harmful conduct must be such that it occurs, has presented, or may present a threat to the property, safety, or well-being of the applicant or others. Part of this change in USCIS policy includes describing the various exemptions (or waivers) available to applicants for an immigrant visa or family-based adjustment of status – or employment-based visa. It also details the eligibility requirements for the waiver of inadmissibility relating to health and the process of awarding that waiver, including obtaining CDC review. Physical or Mental Disorders With Associated Dangerous Behavior Applicants with physical or mental disorders and associated with dangerous behavior are inadmissible. The reason for inadmissibility are divided into two sub-categories:
- Current physical or mental disorders, associated with harmful behavior.
- Physical or mental disorders in the past, with associated harmful behavior that is likely to recur or cause other dangerous behavior.
There has to be both a physical or mental disorder and harmful behavior to make an applicant inadmissible based on this reason. Neither harmful behavior nor a physical or mental disorder only yields an inadmissible applicant for that reason. Physical or mental disorders with associated harmful behaviors are diagnosed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM). The Importance of Arrests or Convictions Related to Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol Alcohol is not listed in Section 202 of the Controlled Substances Act. Therefore, alcohol use disorders are treated as a physical or mental disorder for the purposes of determining inadmissibility. As a result, an applicant with an alcohol use disorder will not be considered inadmissible if there is no current associated harmful behavior or past associated associated behavior likely to be repeated. In the course of adjudicating benefit applications, officers frequently encounter criminal records that include arrests and/or convictions for alcohol-related incidents such as DUI (driving under the influence) and DWI (drunk driving). These stories may or may not rise to the level of being inadmissible for criminal reasons. A record of arrests and/or criminal convictions for alcohol-related driving incidents may constitute evidence of a health-related inadmissibility such as a physical or mental disorder with associated harmful behavior. The operation of a motor vehicle under the influence of alcohol is clearly an associated harmful behavior that poses a threat to the property, safety, or well-being of the applicant or others. When a physician’s evaluation diagnoses the presence of an alcohol use disorder (abuse or dependence), and when there is evidence of harmful behaviors associated with the disorder, the physician must certify it as a Class A medical condition on Form I-693.